The preamp over all goal is to boost audio levels coming in to the signal chain. XLR and 1/4 inputs are usually associated with this terminal. It’s very critical to adjust the volume correctly so you don’t clip the signal while recording. Recording samples should be treated the sample way.
The pan knob directs the sound from right to left. When mixing hip hop, I like to pan things out as much as possible to help widen the stereo effect. For example, I might spread the toms, hi hats and crashes out to resemble a actual drum set. Other instruments can be panned too, like horns, strings and sound effects. The kick and snare drum should be panned in the middle but there’s no rules. Heavy samples and bass should be in the middle as well.
Insert pluggins effects the individual tracks. For example, the kick and snare drum you might want to insert a compressor on each track to tighten the sound and make it fatter. Plugins will have templates to get you started. Other effects like reverbs, chorus, delays, tape modules can add flavor to your tracks. Don’t be afraid to try different plugins!
The aux buss groups sounds together, this usually happens during the mixing stage. For example, the drum signal is grouped together and moved to another fader, here you can add multi-band compression, reverb or other affects. Be aware that you’ll affect the entire group of sounds instead of just the one. To get your hip hop beats sounding rich and silky, add two aux busses and insert a reverb on one and a delay on the other.
Buss your individual tracks to them and adjust the faders accordingly.
Aux busses have two types of faders, a send and a return. The send fader is how much signal the aux bus receives and the return is how much the aux sends to the master channel. Think of it as a wet and dry mix the more signal you send to the aux fader the stronger the sound will be. The more return signal, the wetter the reverb will sound. Try to strike a balance of send and return to get a rich, silky sound from your instruments.
The master channel is for final processing such as equalization, multi-band compression and limiting. This shouldn’t be done, unless you’re making a beat album, a demo or selling tracks online.
Most beat programs have preset mastering effects that you can apply to your master channel, if you’ve mixed every track correctly, at this point you should have no problem adding mastering effects. Make sure you convert down to 441. 24 or 16 bit wav files.
Next group them and other instruments to a separate group aux buss and apply multi-band compression and effects. At this point, all you have to do is adjust the aux faders to a final position and add master a master effect template. Buss your beat down to two track stereo 16 bit 441. k. I hope this gave you some insight on how to mix hip hop beats, your comments are welcome below. Please share this article with your friends.